The acne is clearing up but there are still some scars remaining. What is the ultimate acne scar treatment?
Acne scars can come in many shapes and sizes. For instance; macules are flat red spots left behind by breakouts that often persist for several weeks before fading away on their own.
- Tissue scars on the other hand appear as raised growths often referred to as keloids or hypertrophic scars. they are caused by an excess production of collagen in your skin.
- Skin discoloration scars appear on your skin as dark or red spots left behind where acne has previously healed. These cars are also called post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation. While they may eventually fade on their own they often remain visible for several months.
- Lost tissue scars, often referred to as ice-pick scars, depressed fibrotic scars, soft scars or follicule macular atrophy appear as sunken pits in the skin and are caused by a loss of tissue after an acne blemish has healed.
While some scars are permanent others will go away with time and proper treatment. The earlier you begin treating your acne scars with topical medications the better chance you have of them fading away completely.
Permanent scars often require some type of medical intervention as well as topical skin care medications designed to resurface the skin.
Similar to sandpaper on wood, this method uses a high-speed brush or diamond wheel with rough edges to remove the upper layers of your skin. This treatment is designed to resurface your skin and remove or reduce the depth of acne scars. You should be aware that this procedure will cause your skin to bleed and be very sensitive for a time. As it heals, new skin grows and replaces the damaged skin.
This is a far less invasive type of dermabrasion where a dermatologist or aesthetician uses a lotion of very small crystals instead of a high-speed brush to remove surface skin. While there is no bleeding or downtime with this procedure it will take multiple treatments to see results, and your skin will be a little sensitive.
Chemical peels can be used to reduce the appearance of shallow acne scars. This procedure involves applying a chemical to your skin to remove its outer layer, giving it a smoother, more even appearance. It’s similar to the dermabrasion, but the chemicals dissolve the skin rather then buffing it off. It must be administered by a dermatologist or an aesthetician if you use a high strength solution. There are some home products, but they may not be as effective as the types available to professionals. You will see redness and peeling for a few days after each treatment. And you may require multiple treatments until your new skin replaces the scarred skin.
Retinoic acid cream is applied directly to the scar to help reduce its appearance, especially in the case of keloid scars. It is often used in the treatment of acne, and will help with the scarring.
These are used to remove the outer layer of your skin, contour areas around acne scars, or lighten redness around healed lesions. Various types of lasers are used, depending on whether the acne scar is raised or flat. This treatment should be administered by a dermatologist or an aesthetician. It often takes several days to heal after treatment and more than one treatment may be required before you see results.
Fillers are usually substances such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, or fat that is used to “fill out” certain types of acne scars, especially those that have resulted in a depressed appearance of the skin. These fillers eventually absorb into the skin. So while there is no downtime and you will see instant results, you will need to repeat this procedure periodically.
Punch excisions and skin grafting
These are both surgical procedures that are used in extreme cases to help alleviate the appearance of deep pitted acne scars. The basic procedure requires cutting the scar then stitching or replacing the area with a skin graft that is most often taken from behind the ear.
Acne scars are a constant reminder of painful and embarrassing outbreaks. With the wide variety of medications and treatments available to help alleviate the appearance of acne scars there’s no reason that you should have to suffer with them anymore.
To find the right treatment or procedure for your acne scars be sure to make an appointment with your dermatologist, so that they can help you explore your options.